How to complete a research paper?
Your work is more enjoyable, and you’ll be more likely to remember knowledge if you select the subject that piques your passion. Suppose a broad topic is chosen (“The effects on the world food supply of GMO crops on the world’s food production”). As likely as possible, you can find a topic that matches your preferences. Your subject should be one in that you have enough details; however, you may need to conduct some preliminary investigation to find this. edit pdf
Next, narrow your subject to a size that is manageable:
Too Wide: Childhood illnesses
Too Broad: Eating disorders
Focused: Juvenile Diabetes
Specific: Anorexia Nervosa
Once you’ve settled on a topic and have enough information, you’re prepared to move on. At this moment, however you’re having trouble finding sufficient high-quality information, don’t waste your time looking for another subject.
2. Keeping good records
The first step is to read an article about your subject, such as an Encyclopedia. In an index card or inside the notebook, note the article’s author, title, and/or book title, along with any other information related to publication in the proper formatting (MLA or APA, for instance) that your instructor has instructed you to. On Index cards or inside your notebook, write down any information you would like to include from each source, including the page number. Make sure to use quotation marks on everything you copy to make it easier to differentiate between precise quotations and paraphrasing later.
Certain students employ a method of using index cards during the process of research and writing, which gives them great flexibility when organizing and reorganizing, and also tracking sources. Other students color-code or mark the various facts. Utilize any method that will help you when writing your essay, but remember to always
3. Planning: Mind map or outline
Based on your initial reading, create a sketchy outline or mind map. Include any significant, intriguing, or intriguing ideas and your ideas on the subject. Mind maps are not as linear and can even contain questions you’d like answers to. Make use of the method that is most effective for you. The aim is to organize ideas into groups that are related in logical terms. You can modify your outline or mind map at any time. It is much simpler to organize the paper by removing the sections of a mindmap outline than to rewrite the writing.
Make sure you write a clear specific, well-organized three to a five-point thesis assertion, and prepare to make changes should you need to. Make sure you take your time forming the sentence into one or two sentences since it will dictate your paper’s direction and development.
5. Researching: Examples and facts
Then, begin your extensive research. Explore the internet, online databases and reference books, newspapers, articles, and books to get an assortment of sources. Each source should note your notes on an index paper and the details of the publication that you’ll need to include on the works cited (MLA) as well as your Bibliography (APA) pages. Record important information, details, and examples, separating direct quotes from paraphrasing. While reading, be aware that an expert’s opinion is more reliable than an opinion of the general public on certain topics (in sciences and history, for instance). The most recent research might be more useful than older research. Be wary of relying too much on online sources, which differ in quality and credibility, and often disappear before you’ve finished your research. Don’t copy and paste information from websites directly into the actual draft of your work.
6. Matching the mind map and thesis
Expand or revise your mind map or outline by adding additional information such as explanations, examples, and explanations. Try to create a balance when developing the main points of your paper (they must be stated on your thesis statements). Go back to the library to find more information to develop these points evenly or revise the thesis to reflect what you’ve discovered or your essay’s direction.
7. Start in the middle
Create the body of the document, beginning with your thesis statement, leaving out your introduction. Make use of supporting information to support logically and effectively your thesis assertion. In the present, leave out the conclusion too.
Reread, revise your work, and ensure that your thoughts are laid out and are in line with your thesis assertion. Each paragraph must have one subject that is linked to your thesis. If the paragraph you are writing does not make sense, you must remove it or amend your thesis if you consider it appropriate. Make sure that you’ve correctly paraphrased and quoted and that you’ve acknowledged the source even when you are paraphrasing. Every idea that did not occur to you as an individual epiphany or the result of your systematic thinking must be acknowledged by its creator.
Ask for help from the professionals on Study Crumb to Edit and Proofread your paper!
9. Writing: Introdusction, Conclusion, and references
Complete the draft. Include a one-paragraph introduction as well as a conclusion of one paragraph. The thesis statement is usually placed in the final or two sentences in the first introduction paragraph.
Ensure all citations are in the correct format according to the format (MLA, APA) you use. Conclusions should not just reiterate the main idea. It rather refers to the thesis.
10. Proofreading after a break
If you have the time and allow the passage of a few days between the point at which you have finished the final draft of your work before you begin making final edits. The “time out” will make you more aware, objective, and critical. In your final reading, check for grammar, punctuation, the correct word selection, appropriate and fluid transitions, sentence structure, and sentence variation.
Your research paper now should be complete for submission!